Reference address :

ELPENOR - Home of the Greek Word

Athos Holy Mount

Portable Icons
2.40 Christ Pantokrator
Iviron Monastery
Wood, egg tempera, 163 x 125 cm
Cretan School. Theophanis the Cretan


The Original New Testament

Like the Virgin Hodegetria (no. 2.41), this icon of Christ Pantokrator is one of the despotic icons from the iconostasis in the katholikon of Iviron Monastery. Christ is depicted from the waist up, holding an open Gospel in his left hand and making a gesture of blessing with his right. He wears an aubergine tunic and a bluish himation. His halo is outlined with dots and, like that of the Virgin Hodegetria, is decorated with a rinceau enclosing a rosette.

The inscription on the gold ground of the icon reads: 'Jesus Christ Pantepoptis (the All-Seeing); the inscription on Christ's halo: 'I am the Being'; and the Gospel is inscribed with the following text: 'Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me' (Matt. 11: 28-30).

Iconographically and typologically, this icon of Christ Pantokrator is a close copy of the icon of the same subject in the Great Lavra (1535), which was painted by Theophanis the Cretan (Chatzidakis 1969-70, fig. 45). As regards the technique, despite the damage and the more linear execution, the manner of the shading, the faultless rendering of the face and the garment, and the expressive quality are identical in both works and therefore reveal the identity of the artist and his workshop.

Bibliography: Tsigaridas 1997 (1) (forthcoming).

Index of exhibits of Monastery of Iviron
16th century

The Authentic Greek New Testament Bilingual New Testament I

Icon of the Mother of God and New Testament Reader Promote Greek Learning
Three Millennia of Greek Literature

Learned Freeware


Reference address :