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Athos Holy Mount

Illuminated Manuscripts
5.8 Lectionary
12th c.
Protaton Cod. 11
Parchment, 33.5 x 24 cm, ff. 281


The Original New Testament

This manuscript, which dates from the twelfth century, contains two full-page miniatures depicting the Evangelists in pairs: John with Matthew (fol. 1v) and Luke with Mark (fol. 165v). They are all portrayed seated in front of tall buildings with their bodies turned towards the centre of the composition, where their lecterns stand, each in a different posture. The illumination of this lectionary is particularly interesting for the stylistic rendering of the figures, while the portrayal of the Evangelists in pairs occurs in the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, not only in manuscripts but also in monumental painting. The codex is also adorned with red headpieces of simple shape and numerous initials decorated with floral motifs. It contains the Gospel lections for the year laid out in two columns of text written in a carefully executed reddish-brown script with titles inscribed in gold. The binding consists of wood covered in brown leather bearing simple geometric figures. The manuscript is in good condition.

Bibliography: Lambros 1895, p. 3. Lazarev 1967, p. 252 n. 51. Thesauroi 1973, p. 389, figs. 1-4.

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12th century

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